List of Birds of Canada

Pheasants & Allies

 
 
 
 
Greater Prairie Chicken
Tympanuchus cupido
VU-Vulnerable
 
Grey Partridge
Perdix perdix
VU-Vulnerable
Ring-necked Pheasant
Phasianus colchicus
LC-Least Concern
Rock Ptarmigan
Lagopus muta
LC-Least Concern
Willow Ptarmigan
Lagopus lagopus
LC-Least Concern

Ducks, Geese, Swans

 
 
 
 
American Black Duck
Anas rubripes
NT-Near Threatened
American Wigeon
Mareca americana
LC-Least Concern
Baikal Teal
Sibirionetta formosa
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Black Scoter
Melanitta americana
VU-Vulnerable
Blue-winged Teal
Spatula discors
LC-Least Concern
Brant
Branta bernicla
LC-Least Concern
Canada Goose
Branta canadensis
LC-Least Concern
Common Eider
Somateria mollissima
LC-Least Concern
Common Goldeneye
Bucephala clangula
LC-Least Concern
Common Merganser
Mergus merganser
LC-Least Concern
Eurasian Green-winged Teal
Anas crecca
LC-Least Concern
Eurasian Wigeon
Mareca penelope
LC-Least Concern
Fulvous Whistling Duck
Dendrocygna bicolor
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
Gadwall
Mareca strepera
VU-Vulnerable
Garganey
Spatula querquedula
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Greater Scaup
Aythya marila
LC-Least Concern
Greater White-fronted Goose
Anser albifrons
LC-Least Concern
King Eider
Somateria spectabilis
NT-Near Threatened
Lesser Scaup
Aythya affinis
NT-Near Threatened
Long-tailed Duck
Clangula hyemalis
LC-Least Concern
Mallard
Anas platyrhynchos
LC-Least Concern
Mute Swan
Cygnus olor
LC-Least Concern
Northern Pintail
Anas acuta
VU-Vulnerable
Northern Shoveler
Spatula clypeata
LC-Least Concern
Pink-footed Goose
Anser brachyrhynchus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Red-breasted Merganser
Mergus serrator
LC-Least Concern
Ring-necked Duck
Aythya collaris
NT-Near Threatened
Ruddy Duck
Oxyura jamaicensis
LC-Least Concern
Smew
Mergellus albellus
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Snow Goose
Anser caerulescens
NT-Near Threatened
Spectacled Eider
Somateria fischeri
NT-Near Threatened
Rare
Steller's Eider
Polysticta stelleri
NT-Near Threatened
Rare
Taiga Bean Goose
Anser fabalis
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Tufted Duck
Aythya fuligula
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Tundra Swan
Cygnus columbianus
LC-Least Concern
White-winged Scoter
Melanitta deglandi
LC-Least Concern
Whooper Swan
Cygnus cygnus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Wood Duck
Aix sponsa
NT-Near Threatened

Hummingbirds

 
 
 
 
Anna's Hummingbird
Calypte anna
LC-Least Concern
 
Broad-tailed Hummingbird
Selasphorus platycercus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 

Cuckoos

 
 
 
 
Common Cuckoo
Cuculus canorus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Coccyzus americanus
VU-Vulnerable
Scarce

Pigeons, Doves

 
 
 
 
Eurasian Collared Dove
Streptopelia decaocto
LC-Least Concern
Rock Pigeon
Columba livia
LC-Least Concern

Rails, Crakes & Coots

 
 
 
 
American Coot
Fulica americana
LC-Least Concern
Common Gallinule
Gallinula galeata
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 

Cranes

 
 
 
 
Common Crane
Grus grus
VU-Vulnerable
Rare

Grebes

 
 
 
 
Eared Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis
LC-Least Concern
Horned Grebe
Podiceps auritus
LC-Least Concern
Red-necked Grebe
Podiceps grisegena
LC-Least Concern
Western Grebe
Aechmophorus occidentalis
LC-Least Concern
 

Plovers

 
 
 
 
American Golden Plover
Pluvialis dominica
LC-Least Concern
 
Black-bellied Plover
Pluvialis squatarola
LC-Least Concern
Common Ringed Plover
Charadrius hiaticula
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Eurasian Dotterel
Charadrius morinellus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
European Golden Plover
Pluvialis apricaria
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Pacific Golden Plover
Pluvialis fulva
LC-Least Concern
 
Piping Plover
Charadrius melodus
NT-Near Threatened
 
Snowy Plover
Charadrius alexandrinus
NT-Near Threatened
Rare

Sandpipers, Snipes

 
 
 
 
American Woodcock
Scolopax minor
LC-Least Concern
 
Black-tailed Godwit
Limosa limosa
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Common Greenshank
Tringa nebularia
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Curlew Sandpiper
Calidris ferruginea
NT-Near Threatened
Rare
Dunlin
Calidris alpina
LC-Least Concern
Jack Snipe
Lymnocryptes minimus
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Little Stint
Calidris minuta
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Purple Sandpiper
Calidris maritima
LC-Least Concern
Red Knot
Calidris canutus
NT-Near Threatened
Red Phalarope
Phalaropus fulicarius
LC-Least Concern
Red-necked Phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus
LC-Least Concern
Ruddy Turnstone
Arenaria interpres
LC-Least Concern
Ruff
Calidris pugnax
LC-Least Concern
Sanderling
Calidris alba
LC-Least Concern
Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla
NT-Near Threatened
Spotted Redshank
Tringa erythropus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Spotted Sandpiper
Actitis macularius
LC-Least Concern
 
Temminck's Stint
Calidris temminckii
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Whimbrel
Numenius phaeopus
LC-Least Concern
Wood Sandpiper
Tringa glareola
LC-Least Concern
Rare

Gulls, Terns, Skimmers

 
 
 
 
Arctic Tern
Sterna paradisaea
LC-Least Concern
Black Tern
Chlidonias niger
NT-Near Threatened
Black-headed Gull
Chroicocephalus ridibundus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Black-legged Kittiwake
Rissa tridactyla
LC-Least Concern
Caspian Tern
Hydroprogne caspia
EN-Endangered
Common Tern
Sterna hirundo
LC-Least Concern
Glaucous Gull
Larus hyperboreus
LC-Least Concern
Glaucous-winged Gull
Larus glaucescens
LC-Least Concern
Great Black-backed Gull
Larus marinus
LC-Least Concern
Scarce
Herring Gull
Larus argentatus
LC-Least Concern
Iceland Gull
Larus glaucoides
LC-Least Concern
Lesser Black-backed Gull
Larus fuscus
LC-Least Concern
Little Gull
Hydrocoloeus minutus
NT-Near Threatened
Mew Gull
Larus canus
NT-Near Threatened

Skuas

 
 
 
 
Long-tailed Jaeger
Stercorarius longicaudus
LC-Least Concern
Parasitic Jaeger
Stercorarius parasiticus
LC-Least Concern
Pomarine Jaeger
Stercorarius pomarinus
LC-Least Concern

Auks

 
 
 
 
Black Guillemot
Cepphus grylle
NT-Near Threatened
Common Murre
Uria aalge
LC-Least Concern
Dovekie
Alle Alle
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Tufted Puffin
Fratercula cirrhata
LC-Least Concern
 
Whiskered Auklet
Aethia pygmaea
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 

Loons

 
 
 
 
Arctic Loon
Gavia arctica
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Common Loon
Gavia immer
LC-Least Concern
Red-throated Loon
Gavia stellata
VU-Vulnerable

Northern Storm Petrels

 
 
 
 
Ashy Storm Petrel
Oceanodroma homochroa
EN-Endangered
Rare
 
Leach's Storm Petrel
Oceanodroma leucorhoa
VU-Vulnerable

Petrels, Shearwaters, Diving Petrels

 
 
 
 
Great Shearwater
Ardenna gravis
EN-Endangered
Rare
Hawaiian Petrel
Pterodroma sandwichensis
EN-Endangered
Rare
 
Manx Shearwater
Puffinus puffinus
LC-Least Concern
Northern Fulmar
Fulmarus glacialis
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Sooty Shearwater
Ardenna grisea
EN-Endangered

Gannets, Boobies

 
 
 
 
Northern Gannet
Morus bassanus
LC-Least Concern
Rare

Ibises, Spoonbills

 
 
 
 
Glossy Ibis
Plegadis falcinellus
EN-Endangered
Rare
White Ibis
Eudocimus albus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 

Herons, Bitterns

 
 
 
 
Black-crowned Night Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax
NT-Near Threatened
Cattle Egret
Bubulcus ibis
LC-Least Concern
Great Egret
Ardea alba
LC-Least Concern
Grey Heron
Ardea cinerea
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Yellow-crowned Night Heron
Nyctanassa violacea
LC-Least Concern
Scarce
 

New World Vultures

 
 
 
 
California Condor
Gymnogyps californianus
CR-Critically Endangered
Rare
 
Turkey Vulture
Cathartes aura
LC-Least Concern
 

Ospreys

 
 
 
 
Osprey
Pandion haliaetus
LC-Least Concern

Kites, Hawks, Eagles

 
 
 
 
Bald Eagle
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
LC-Least Concern
 
Black Vulture
Aegypius monachus
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Cooper's Hawk
Accipiter cooperii
LC-Least Concern
Golden Eagle
Aquila chrysaetos
LC-Least Concern
Northern Goshawk
Accipiter gentilis
LC-Least Concern
Northern Harrier
Circus cyaneus
VU-Vulnerable
Rough-legged Hawk
Buteo lagopus
LC-Least Concern
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter striatus
LC-Least Concern
 

Barn Owls

 
 
 
 
Barn Owl
Tyto alba
NT-Near Threatened

Owls

 
 
 
 
Boreal Owl
Aegolius funereus
LC-Least Concern
Eastern Screech Owl
Megascops asio
LC-Least Concern
 
Great Grey Owl
Strix nebulosa
VU-Vulnerable
Long-eared Owl
Asio otus
LC-Least Concern
Northern Hawk-Owl
Surnia ulula
LC-Least Concern
 
Northern Pygmy Owl
Glaucidium californicum
LC-Least Concern
Short-eared Owl
Asio flammeus
VU-Vulnerable
Snowy Owl
Bubo scandiacus
VU-Vulnerable
Spotted Owl
Strix occidentalis
NT-Near Threatened
 
Western Screech Owl
Megascops kennicottii
LC-Least Concern
 

Woodpeckers

 
 
 
 
Acorn Woodpecker
Melanerpes formicivorus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
Black-backed Woodpecker
Picoides arcticus
LC-Least Concern
 
Hairy Woodpecker
Leuconotopicus villosus
LC-Least Concern
 
Pileated Woodpecker
Dryocopus pileatus
LC-Least Concern
 

Caracaras, Falcons

 
 
 
 
American Kestrel
Falco sparverius
LC-Least Concern
Crested Caracara
Caracara cheriway
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
Eurasian Hobby
Falco subbuteo
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Eurasian Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus
NT-Near Threatened
Rare
Merlin
Falco columbarius
LC-Least Concern
Peregrine Falcon
Falco peregrinus
LC-Least Concern

Tyrant Flycatchers, Calyptura

 
 
 
 
Dusky Flycatcher
Empidonax oberholseri
LC-Least Concern
 
Eastern Wood Pewee
Contopus virens
LC-Least Concern
 
Western Wood Pewee
Contopus sordidulus
LC-Least Concern
 

Shrikes

 
 
 
 
Northern Shrike
Lanius excubitor
NT-Near Threatened

Crows, Jays

 
 
 
 
American Crow
Corvus brachyrhynchos
LC-Least Concern
 
Common Raven
Corvus corax
LC-Least Concern

Waxwings

 
 
 
 
Bohemian Waxwing
Bombycilla garrulus
LC-Least Concern

Silky-flycatchers

 
 
 
 
Phainopepla
Phainopepla nitens
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 

Tits, Chickadees

 
 
 
 
Black-capped Chickadee
Poecile atricapillus
LC-Least Concern
 
Mountain Chickadee
Poecile gambeli
VU-Vulnerable
 

Larks

 
 
 
 
Eurasian Skylark
Alauda arvensis
VU-Vulnerable
Horned Lark
Eremophila alpestris
LC-Least Concern

Swallows, Martins

 
 
 
 
Bank Swallow
Riparia riparia
NT-Near Threatened
Barn Swallow
Hirundo rustica
NT-Near Threatened
Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
LC-Least Concern
 
Common House Martin
Delichon urbicum
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Purple Martin
Progne subis
LC-Least Concern
 
Tree Swallow
Tachycineta bicolor
LC-Least Concern
 

Wrens

 
 
 
 
Marsh Wren
Cistothorus palustris
LC-Least Concern
 
Sedge Wren
Cistothorus stellaris
LC-Least Concern
 
Winter Wren
Troglodytes troglodytes
LC-Least Concern

Gnatcatchers

 
 
 
 
Blue-grey Gnatcatcher
Polioptila caerulea
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 

Nuthatches

 
 
 
 
Red-breasted Nuthatch
Sitta canadensis
LC-Least Concern
 

Mockingbirds, Thrashers

 
 
 
 
Grey Catbird
Dumetella carolinensis
LC-Least Concern
 
Northern Mockingbird
Mimus polyglottos
LC-Least Concern
 

Starlings, Rhabdornis

 
 
 
 
European Starling
Sturnus vulgaris
LC-Least Concern

Thrushes

 
 
 
 
American Robin
Turdus migratorius
LC-Least Concern
Eastern Bluebird
Sialia sialis
LC-Least Concern
Fieldfare
Turdus pilaris
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Grey-cheeked Thrush
Catharus minimus
LC-Least Concern
 
Mountain Bluebird
Sialia currucoides
LC-Least Concern
 
Redwing
Turdus iliacus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Swainson's Thrush
Catharus ustulatus
LC-Least Concern
Western Bluebird
Sialia mexicana
LC-Least Concern
 
Wood Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina
NT-Near Threatened
Scarce
 

Chats, Old World Flycatchers

 
 
 
 
Blue Rock Thrush
Monticola solitarius
VU-Vulnerable
Rare
Northern Wheatear
Oenanthe oenanthe
LC-Least Concern
Red-flanked Bluetail
Tarsiger cyanurus
NT-Near Threatened
Rare

Old World Sparrows, Snowfinches

 
 
 
 
Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Passer montanus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
House Sparrow
Passer domesticus
LC-Least Concern

Wagtails, Pipits

 
 
 
 
American Pipit
Anthus rubescens
LC-Least Concern
Grey Wagtail
Motacilla cinerea
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Red-throated Pipit
Anthus cervinus
LC-Least Concern
Rare
White Wagtail
Motacilla alba
LC-Least Concern
Rare

Finches, Euphonias

 
 
 
 
Brambling
Fringilla montifringilla
LC-Least Concern
Rare
Common Redpoll
Acanthis flammea
LC-Least Concern
Evening Grosbeak
Hesperiphona vespertina
VU-Vulnerable
 
Hoary Redpoll
Acanthis hornemanni
LC-Least Concern
House Finch
Haemorhous mexicanus
LC-Least Concern
Red Crossbill
Loxia curvirostra
LC-Least Concern
White-winged Crossbill
Loxia leucoptera
LC-Least Concern
 

Longspurs, Snow Buntings

 
 
 
 
Lapland Longspur
Calcarius lapponicus
LC-Least Concern
Snow Bunting
Plectrophenax nivalis
VU-Vulnerable

Buntings

 
 
 
 
Little Bunting
Emberiza pusilla
LC-Least Concern
Rare

New World Sparrows

 
 
 
 
Baird's Sparrow
Ammodramus bairdii
LC-Least Concern
 
Dark-eyed Junco
Junco hyemalis
LC-Least Concern
 
Golden-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia atricapilla
LC-Least Concern
 
Grasshopper Sparrow
Ammodramus savannarum
LC-Least Concern
 
LeConte's Sparrow
Ammodramus leconteii
LC-Least Concern
 
Nelson's Sparrow
Ammodramus nelsoni
LC-Least Concern
 
Savannah Sparrow
Passerculus sandwichensis
LC-Least Concern
 
Song Sparrow
Melospiza melodia
LC-Least Concern
 
Swamp Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana
LC-Least Concern
 
White-crowned Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys
LC-Least Concern
 

Oropendolas, Orioles, Blackbirds

 
 
 
 
Brown-headed Cowbird
Molothrus ater
LC-Least Concern
 
Red-winged Blackbird
Agelaius phoeniceus
LC-Least Concern

New World Warblers

 
 
 
 
Black-throated Blue Warbler
Setophaga caerulescens
LC-Least Concern
Scarce
 
Black-throated Grey Warbler
Setophaga nigrescens
LC-Least Concern
 
Blackpoll Warbler
Setophaga striata
NT-Near Threatened
 
Blue-winged Warbler
Vermivora cyanoptera
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
Golden-winged Warbler
Vermivora chrysoptera
NT-Near Threatened
 
Northern Waterthrush
Parkesia noveboracensis
LC-Least Concern
 
Prothonotary Warbler
Protonotaria citrea
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
Yellow Warbler
Setophaga petechia
LC-Least Concern
 
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Setophaga coronata
LC-Least Concern
 

Cardinals & Allies

 
 
 
 
Dickcissel
Spiza americana
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
Northern Cardinal
Cardinalis cardinalis
LC-Least Concern
Painted Bunting
Passerina ciris
LC-Least Concern
Rare
 
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Bird Id - List of Birds of Canada